CANNABIS SATIVA (cannabis) – pervasive wild hemp, for a long time due to psychoactive properties used for the treatment, as well as to achieve a particular ecstatic state as eyforigen substantive and hallucinogenic drug.
Even in XV century manuscript sources indicated for use in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia of cannabis resin as an anesthetic. In medical and religious purposes it was used in India, then in the Middle East and North Africa. The term assassin brought to Europe by the Crusaders from Arab countries XI century: a substance used in sects at the ceremony. In Europe and the United States cannabis is becoming popular in the XIX century as a medicinal and psychoactive drug. About him write and study its impact on the human body. In the United States until 1942 preparations of cannabis have been authorized for use as medicines included in the Pharmacopoeia of the United States and sold in pharmacies as a means of wide profile.
The end of the XIX and early XX centuries. characterized by the growing popularity of marijuana and a significant increase in its sales. The fight at the government level is from 1930, when federal agencies in the U.S. to combat drug trafficking have made a law that prohibits not only the cultivation of cannabis and the free market, but also the use of drugs produced from it. Many states have supported the bill. However, despite claims by administrative bodies, scientific institutions and organizations with sufficient evidence of negative health and social impact of drugs in society has long maintained strong opinion about the safety of marijuana use and lack of habituation. Marijuana secrete a class of “light” drugs, as opposed to “heavy” (heroin). In the public mind to the opinion on the use of marijuana as a socially acceptable fact. Ignoring the danger to health and the lack of a ban on the actual promotion of marijuana smoking in film and video led to widespread dissemination of marijuana among American teenagers, including educational institutions of different levels. Dynamics of marijuana use among youth in the United States shows a peak that falls on 1960-1970. In subsequent years, society’s attitude towards this issue changed drastically, the myth about its safety and cleared most of the researchers was confirmed in the opinion that marijuana, although it shows a lower trend in the production of psychic and physical dependence, yet can cause addiction and adverse effects on the mental, emotional and physical functions. As a result of joint efforts of various state and public organizations to combat the proliferation of marijuana in the period 1975-1993 years. was a slight decline in its use among students in higher education. However, it remains one of the most frequently used drugs young United States. Debate on the legalization of drugs from cannabis to be used in medicine as drugs and as an “easy” for drug addicts continues, despite the seriousness of the argument advanced by the presence of risk transfer to the other, “hard” drugs, heroin or cocaine.
Until 1992, the U.S. marijuana was placed on the List of number 2, which meant the possibility of limited use for medical purposes (mainly AIDS, cancer and glaucoma). But since 1992, only the main psychoactive ingredient in marijuana: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the legally produced in the U.S. is allowed in some countries (USA and Germany) for use in medicine under the supervision and primarily for the treatment of glaucoma and toxicity of cancer patients after chemotherapy : drugs Dronabiol (Marinol) and Nabinol (Tsezamesh). In the Netherlands, Spain and growing a small amount of cannabis and its use for their own use is not punishable by law. Currently, cannabis, its preparations and all isomers of THC on the list of number 1 of the UN Convention and its corresponding list of number 1 of the Standing Committee on Drugs of the Russian Federation, which prohibits the use of any, including for medical purposes.